What Is Gauging in Sewing: A Complete Guide

Gauging is an essential technique in sewing that allows for precise measurements and accurate gathering of fabric. It involves creating evenly spaced and controlled gathers or pleats, giving garments a professional and polished look. From adding decorative elements to creating volume and texture, gauging opens up a world of possibilities in the realm of sewing. Whether you're a beginner looking to learn the basics or an experienced sewer looking to perfect your skills, this complete guide will walk you through everything you need to know about gauging in sewing. But before we dive into the intricacies of this technique, it's important to ensure that you’ve the right tools at your disposal. One crucial component of gauging is having the appropriate thread that can withstand the strain and usage it will endure. Made of 100% core-spun polyester, this thread is perfect for sergers/overlock and coverlock machines, like the Janome CoverPro family of machines. With the right thread in hand, you can confidently embark on your gauging journey and elevate your sewing projects to new heights.

How Do You Read a Sewing Gauge?

If youre new to sewing or just unfamiliar with the term, gauging in sewing refers to the process of measuring and marking fabric for accurate and precise stitching. This is an essential skill to master in order to achieve professional-looking results in your sewing projects.

Reading a sewing gauge involves understanding the different units of measurement and markings on the gauge. Most sewing gauges have both inches and centimeters marked on them, allowing you to choose the unit that youre comfortable working with. The markings are typically etched or printed onto the gauge, making them easy to read and use.

Then, line up the edge of the gauge with the fabric and slide it along the fabric to measure the desired length.

One popular brand of thread used for sewing and serging is Madeira Aerolock Premium Serger thread. This high-quality thread is made of 100% core-spun polyester, making it durable and able to withstand frequent washes and strain. It’s perfect for use in sergers and overlock machines, such as the Janome CoverPro family of machines.

Madeira Aerolock thread is known for it’s excellent performance and consistency. It’s available in a range of colors to match your fabric, allowing you to achieve seamless and professional-looking finishes. With this thread, you can trust that your sewing projects will be durable and long-lasting.

Overall, gauging in sewing is an important skill to learn for any sewing enthusiast. By understanding how to read a sewing gauge and using high-quality thread like Madeira Aerolock, youll be well on your way to creating beautiful and professional-looking garments and projects.

Different Types of Sewing Gauges and Their Uses

  • Seam gauge: used to measure seam allowances and hems.
  • Hem gauge: specifically designed for measuring and marking hems accurately.
  • Buttonhole gauge: helps in marking buttonhole placements and lengths.
  • Magnetic seam guide: sticks to the metal plate of your sewing machine to guide straight seams.
  • T-shaped gauge: aids in measuring and marking parallel lines and seam allowances.
  • Circle gauge: used for creating circles of different sizes for sewing and pattern making.
  • Slider gauge: lets you measure and mark consistent seam allowances when using a sewing machine.
  • Seam roll gauge: helps in pressing curved seams and hard-to-reach areas.
  • Point turner: used for turning out sharp corners and pressing creases.
  • Gathering gauge: aids in evenly gathering fabric for ruffles and other decorative elements.
  • Drainage gauge: an essential tool for making professional-looking buttonholes.


By following the step-by-step guide provided, you can easily master the art of gauging and incorporate it into your sewing projects.

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